GEM PhD School

Globalisation, Europe & Multilateralism

Erasmus Mundus Joint Doctorate



Thesis Title

The Diffusion of Policy Norms to International Organizations: The Protection of Civilians and Public Information in UN Peacekeeping Operations (defended in July 2014; public presentation in November 2014)

Academic Degrees

- Erasmus Mundus MA "Journalism and Media Within Globalisation" (2009), University of Aarhus, University of Amsterdam, City University London

- BA, International Information (2007), Institute of International Relations, Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University

Work Experience

- Research Intern, Istituto Affari Internazionali, Italy (05/04/2011 - 05/08/2011)

- Associate (part-time, distance work), Precedent Academics, US (01/05/2009 - 15/09/2010)

- International Project Coordinator, European Youth Parliament – Ukraine (01/09/2005 - 01/09/2007)

Specific Research Title, Area and Promotor(s)

Thesis Title:

The Diffusion of Policy Norms to International Organizations: The Protection of Civilians and Public Information in UN Peacekeeping Operations


Raffaele Marchetti, LUISS Guido Carli

René Schwok, Université de Genève

Description of research work

Behavior and change in international organizations (IOs) are important, yet under-researched, phenomena in international relations. While a number of works focusing on IO agency and autonomy have appeared recently, the debates on whether member states or bureaucrats have the upper hand in determining IO behavior masks the complex reality in which states, IO officials, independent experts and civil society actors enter into discussions or negotiations about courses of action which are appropriate for a given IO. In order to provide a more nuanced account of this reality, the dissertation applies the norm diffusion framework to explaining the evolution of aspects of UN peacekeeping operations in the post-Cold War period. Specifically, it looks at the policy norms prescribing missions to afford protection to civilians under imminent threat of physical violence and develop public information campaigns targeted at the local population. The dissertation theorizes four diffusion mechanisms, which can operate in two modes, and five categories of scope conditions affecting the functioning of each mechanism and mode. Despite a number of difficulties associated with the application of the norm diffusion framework o IOs, the study has illuminated aspects of UN peacekeeping’s evolution, which other theories have struggled to account for.

Participation in Conferences and Seminars

- Conference “Risks and Opportunities in the Civil Society – Public Institutions Relationship: A Re-Assessment of the EU and Global Policy Process (May 2015, Rome)

- Workshop "Explaining Authority in International Organizations" (December 2014, Brussels) 

- GR:EEN conference "Global Re-ordering: Towards The Next Generation of Scholarship" (November 2014, Brussels)

- 42nd ECPR Joint Sessions of Workshops, Workshop "Authority and Control in International Organisations" (April 2014, Salamanca)

- 55th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association (March 2014, Toronto)

- Annual Congress of the Swiss Political Science Association (January 2014, Bern)

- 8th Pan-European Conference on International Relations (September 2013, Warsaw)

- Annual Meeting of the Academic Council on the United Nations System (June 2013, Lund)

- 1st European Workshop in International Studies (June 2013, Tartu)

- LISBOAN PhD Summer School "Europe in the World" (September 2011, Rethymnon)

- Oslo Summer School in Comparative Social Science Studies, Case Study Research Methods Course (August 2011, Oslo)

- Conference "Effective multilateralism? The EU and International Institutions" (January 2011, Loughborough)

Overview of Publications

- Box "Civil Society and Norm Diffusion" in Prof. Marchetti's chapter "Civil Society, Global Governance, and the Quest for Legitimacy" in the book "Globalisation, Multilateralism, Europe: Towards a Better Global Governance?", edited by Prof. Telò (2014)

- "Conflict Management and Resolution in the Twenty-First Century: Strategies and Techniques Available to the International Community" (book review), Millennium (June 2014)

- "European Union Training Mission in Somalia and the Limits of Liberal Peacebuilding: Can EUTM Contribute to Sustainable and Inclusive Peace?", The International Spectator, Vol. 46, No. 4 (December 2011)